Springtime is one of the most beautiful seasons in the vineyards. In April, Villa Bibbiani’s vineyard whispers hello with buds breaking through the vines while the small leaves begin to grow back on the trees. Three or four weeks after the tears of sap appearing on the tips of the pruned branches, a new vegetative phase began within the vines. An attentive observer could see tiny buds swell and burst. On the contrary, the growth of shoots and the small leaves is much more evident.
Time of growth
The bud break is an extremely delicate phase, especially as the climatic changes – typical in the spring season, a sudden frost or hail can easily impact this important moment. It is essential for the vines to stay at a specific temperature to stay in the minimum vegetation threshold for about ten days. This threshold is called “vegetative zero”, at about 10 ° C.
There are four factors that can affect the timing:
• the type of soil more or less draining,
• the exposure of the vineyard,
• the type of vine and the time of pruning
In Tuscany, and also in central Italy, the bud bread usually takes place between April 5th to 15th. However, this phenomenon can greatly vary depending on the vintage’s climate.
The growth of vine plants
The maximum expansion of the leaves occurs in June. Since the first weeks of the month, closely, you can start to see the leaves with their first little clusters. Probably, you know how vital the vineyard growth cycle is to make great wines. Therefore, springtime is a very important moment as the yield of the vines in the fall will depend. Villa Bibbiani’s staff of course are constantly and carefully monitoring that plant development in the fields, to make sure they are flourishing in a good state.